Building PLplot

From PLplotWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

With the exception of DJGPP on (Free)DOS (where you should follow the directions at sys/dos/djgpp/readme) all PLplot builds are done with our CMake-based build system which gives good results on Unix, Linux, and Mac OS X and Cygwin, MinGW, MinGW/MSYS, and bare windows. After reading this section you should consult specifics for various platforms for more details. Also, after a build and install is completed you should follow up by testing PLplot.

Contents

Building PLplot with our CMake-based build system

Our CMake-based build system has been made available as part of our development releases of PLplot starting with version 5.7.0 and is now with the exception of the DJGPP platform our sole build system. It is important to consult the CMake documentation to get the most out of our build system. That documentation is quite thorough but tends to be a bit scattered so we have collected what we think are the best general CMake documentation links for your convenience.

After consulting that documentation, install the appropriate package of CMake for your system platform. Note, you must use at least version 2.6.0 of CMake for your PLplot configuration, but our build system works with the latest version (2.6.2) of CMake as well.

Generic Unix instructions for our build system

(Optional) set environment variables to help cmake find system components that are installed in non-standard locations

Here is one particular example (which must be executed before the cmake invocation discussed below).

export CMAKE_INCLUDE_PATH=/home/software/autotools/install/include:/home/software/cgmlib/cd1.3
export CMAKE_LIBRARY_PATH=/home/software/autotools/install/lib:/home/software/cgmlib/cd1.3
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/home/software/libLASi/install/lib/pkgconfig

For this particular example, CMAKE_INCLUDE_PATH helps cmake to find the headers for libltdl and libcd in non-standard install locations; CMAKE_LIBRARY_PATH helps cmake to find the libltdl and libcd libraries in non-standard install locations; and PKG_CONFIG_PATH helps cmake to use the pkg-config command internally to find a libLASi pkg-config module file that is installed in a non-standard location.

In general, CMAKE_INCLUDE_PATH helps cmake find headers and other files that are installed in non-standard locations; CMAKE_LIBRARY_PATH helps cmake find libraries that are installed in non-standard locations; and PKG_CONFIG_PATH helps pkg-config (either externally or internally from cmake) find pkg-config modules installed in non-standard locations. Finally, although not used in the specific example above, the colon-separated environment variable PATH helps cmake find executables that are installed in non-standard locations.

(Optional) set environment variables to specify the compilers and compiler flags

Here is one particular example (which must be executed before the cmake invocation discussed below).

export CC="gcc -O2"
export CXX="g++ -O2"
export FC="g77 -O2"

If you don't set the environment variables above, then by default no compiler options (i.e., no optimization and no debugging symbols) are used for gcc-related compilers for our build system which makes for fast builds, but slow execution.

cmake invocation

Here is one typical example.

mkdir build_dir
cd build_dir
cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/my/prefix \
../plplot_cmake >& cmake.out

(CMake is capable of generating builds within the source tree, but we have emphasized a build with a separate build tree here because of its fundamental advantage that the source tree remains clean with no generated files in it.)

Check the cmake.out file for any configuration issues, especially WARNING messages which signal that a component of PLplot has been removed because required system components for that component have not been found.

There are a large number of CMake options for PLplot which can be set for cmake to personalize your build. Use the ccmake front end to cmake to obtain documentation of all these options. In the above case we have specified a particular install prefix "/my/prefix".

Note in the above example an initially empty build directory (arbitrarily) named build_dir is used to insure a clean start, and ../plplot_cmake is the (arbitrary) name of the top-level directory of a freshly checked out source tree from our svn repository. If instead you use a freshly unpacked PLplot source distribution tarball "../plplot_cmake" will need to be replaced by "../plplot-5.9.2" (for our latest release at time of writing).

To start a fresh build, simply execute "cd build_dir; rm -rf *" before invoking cmake. Of course, "rm -rf *" is an extremely dangerous command (since it removes everything in the current directory and all subdirectories), but you should be okay so long as you cd to the correct directory before executing the "rm" command.

Build and install

make >& make.out
make install >& make_install.out

Check make.out and make_install.out for any errors. Follow up by testing PLplot.

Personal tools